Le nqubomgomo yobumfihlo ihlanganiswe ukuze isebenze kangcono labo abakhathazekile nokuthi i-'Untu uqobo Lubonakala Kanjani '(PII) isetshenziswa kanjani online. I-PII, njengoba ichazwe emthethweni wobumfihlo wase-US kanye nokuphepha kwemininingwane, ingulwazi olungasetshenziswa ngokwalo noma ngolunye ulwazi ukukhomba, ukuxhumana, noma ukuthola umuntu oyedwa, noma ukukhomba umuntu ngokomongo. Uyacelwa ukuthi ufunde inqubomgomo yethu yobumfihlo ngokucophelela ukuze uthole ukuqonda okucacile kokuthi siqoqa, sisebenzisa, sivikela kanjani noma sihlangabezana kanjani neminye imininingwane eqondakalayo yomuntu siqu ngokuhambisana newebhusayithi yethu.
Iluphi ulwazi lomuntu siqu esiluqoqayo kubantu abavakashela iwebhusayithi yethu yebhulogi ?
Lapho abantu be-oda noma bebhalisa kusayithi lethu, ngokufanelekile, ungacelwa ukuthi ufake igama, i-Id ye-imeyili noma eminye imininingwane ukuze ikusize ngolwazi lwakho.
Siqoqa nini ulwazi?
Siqoqa imininingwane evela kuwe lapho ubhalisa esizeni sethu, ubhalisela incwadi yezindaba noma ufaka imininingwane esizeni sethu.
Sisebenzisa kanjani ulwazi lwakho?
Singase sisebenzise ulwazi esiluqoqa kuwe lapho ubhalisa, ubhalisela incwadi yethu yezindaba, uthenga, uphendula inhlolovo noma ukuxhumana ngokumaketha, uphenya iwebhusayithi, noma usebenzisa ezinye izici zesayithi ngalezi zindlela ezilandelayo:
       Ukuze wenze isipiliyoni sakho ngokwakho futhi usivumele ukuba sihambise uhlobo lokuqukethwe nemikhiqizo yomkhiqizo onentshisekelo kakhulu.
       Ukuthuthukisa iwebhusayithi yethu ukuze sikusize kangcono.
Sivikela kanjani imininingwane yakho?
Asisebenzisi ukuskena kokusongela kanye / noma ukuskena kumazinga we-PCI.
Sinikeza kuphela izihloko nolwazi. Asisoze sicele izinombolo zamakhadi esikweletu.
Sisebenzisa i-Malware Scanning ejwayelekile.
Asisebenzisi isitifiketi se-SSL
       Sinikeza kuphela izindatshana nolwazi. Asilokothi sicele ulwazi lomuntu siqu noma oluyimfihlo njengamagama, amakheli e-imeyili, noma izinombolo zekhadi lesikweletu.
Ingabe sisebenzisa 'amakhukhi'?
Yebo. Ama-cookies amafayela amancane ukuthi isayithi noma umnikezeli wezinsizakalo uyadlulisela ku-hard drive yedokhumenti yakho ngokusebenzisa isiphequluli sakho seWebhu (uma uvumela) esenza izinhlelo zesayithi noma zezinsizakalo zithole isiphequluli sakho futhi zithinte futhi zikhumbule ulwazi oluthile. Ngokwesibonelo, sisebenzisa amakhukhi ukusisiza sikhumbule futhi sisebenze izinto enqoleni yakho yokuthenga. Zisetshenziselwa ukusisiza ukuthi siqonde izintandokazi zakho ngokusekelwe kumsebenzi wangasese wangasese noma wamanje, okwenza sikwazi ukukunikeza amasevisi athuthukisiwe. Siphinde sisebenzise amakhukhi ukusisiza ukuba sihlanganise idatha ehlanganisiwe mayelana nesayithi le-traffic kanye nokusebenzisana kwesayithi ukuze sikwazi ukunikeza ama-site namathebhu kangcono esikhathini esizayo.
Sisebenzisa amakhukhi ku:
       Siyaqonda futhi silondoloze izintandokazi zabasebenzisi ngokuvakasha okuzayo.
       Hlanganisa idatha ehlanganisiwe mayelana nethrafikhi yewebhusayithi nokusebenzisana kwesayithi ukuze unikeze ulwazi olungcono lwewebhusayithi namathuluzi esikhathini esizayo. Singase futhi sisebenzise izinsiza ezithenjwayo zezinkampani zangaphandle ezilandelela lolu lwazi esikhundleni sethu.
Ungakhetha ukuthi ikhompiyutha yakho ikuxwayise njalo uma ikhukhi ithunyelwa, noma ungakhetha ukuvala wonke amakhukhi. Ukwenza lokhu ngokusebenzisa izilungiselelo zesiphequluli sakho. Njengoba isiphequluli sihluke kakhulu, bheka Imenyu Yesekelo yesiphequluli sakho ukuze ufunde indlela efanele yokushintsha amakhukhi wakho.
Uma uvala amakhukhi, Angeke kuthinte okwenziwa umsebenzisi .
Ukudalulwa kweqembu lesithathu
Asithengisi, ukuhweba, noma ukudlulisela eminye imibuthano engaphandle kwemininingwane yakho engaziwa ngabanye.
Izixhumanisi zenkampani yesithathu
Ngezinye izikhathi, ngokuqonda kwethu, singabandakanya noma sinikeze imikhiqizo noma izinsizakalo zenkampani yangaphandle kwiwebhusayithi yethu. Lezi zamasayithi wesithathu zinezinqubomgomo zobumfihlo ezihlukile futhi ezizimele. Ngakho-ke asikho umthwalo wemfanelo noma umthwalo wokuqukethwe kanye nemisebenzi yalezi zingosi ezixhunyiwe. Noma kunjalo, sifuna ukuvikela ubuqotho besayithi lethu futhi siyakwamukela noma yikuphi umbiko ngalezi zingosi.
-Google
Izidingo zokukhangisa ze-Google zingafingqwa yizimiso zokukhangisa ze-Google. Zibekiwe ukuze zinikeze ulwazi oluhle kubasebenzisi. https://support.google.com/adwordspolicy/answer/1316548?hl=en
Sisebenzisa Ukukhangisa kwe-Google AdSense kuwebhusayithi yethu.
I-Google, njengomdayisi wesithathu, isebenzisa amakhukhi ukukhonza izikhangiso kusayithi lethu. Ukusetshenziswa kwe-Google kwekhukhi ye-DART kwenza sikwazi ukuhambisa izikhangiso kubasebenzisi bethu ngokusekelwe ekuvakasheni kwangaphambilini kusayithi lethu nakwamanye amasayithi ku-inthanethi. Abasebenzisi bangakhetha ukuphuma kwekhukhi ye-DART ngokuvakashela inqubomgomo yobumfihlo ye-Google Ad ne-Content Network.
Senze lokhu okulandelayo:
       Ukumaketha kabusha nge-Google AdSense
       Ukubikwa kokubika kwe-Google Display Network
       Ukubika kwabantu kanye nezintshisekelo
       I-DoubleClick Platform Integration
Thina, kanye nabathengisi benkampani yangaphandle, njenge-Google sebenzisa amakhukhi okuqala (njengama-cookies we-Google Analytics) kanye namakhukhi wesithathu (njenge-cookie ye-DoubleClick) noma amanye ama-identifier ahlangene ndawonye ukuqoqa idatha ngokuphathelene nokusebenzisana komsebenzisi ukubonakala kokukhangisa kanye neminye imisebenzi yesikhangiso sokukhangisa njengoba ihlobene newebhusayithi yethu.
Ukuphuma:
Abasebenzisi bangabeka izintandokazi zendlela i-Google ikukhangisa ngayo usebenzisa ikhasi le-Google Ad Settings. Ngaphandle kwalokho, ungakhetha ukuphuma ngokuvakashela ikhasi le-Network Advertising Initiative Opt Out noma usebenzisa i-Google Analytics Opt Out Out Browser.
I-California Online Protection Protection Act
ICalOPPA umthetho wokuqala wombuso esizweni odinga amawebhusayithi ezentengiso nezinsizakalo eziku-inthanethi ukuthumela inqubomgomo yobumfihlo. Ukufinyelela komthetho kudlulela ngaphesheya kweCalifornia ukuthi kudinge noma yimuphi umuntu noma inkampani e-United States (futhi mhlawumbe kube ngumhlaba) osebenza amawebhusayithi aqoqa imininingwane yomuntu uqobo evela kubathengi baseCalifornia ukuthumela inqubomgomo yobumfihlo ebonakalayo kuwebhusayithi yayo esho imininingwane eqoqiwe kanye nalabo abantu noma izinkampani okwabelwana ngazo. - Bona okuningi ku: http://consumercal.org/california-online-privacy-protection-act-caloppa/#sthash.0FdRbT51.dpuf
Ngokusho kukaCalopPA, siyavumelana nalokhu okulandelayo:
Abasebenzisi bangavakashela isayithi lethu ngokungaziwa.
Uma ngabe le nqubomgomo yobumfihlo isunguliwe, sizofaka isixhumanisi kuso ekhasini lethu lasekhaya noma okungenani, kukhasi lokuqala elibalulekile ngemuva kokufaka iwebhusayithi yethu.
Isixhumanisi senqubomgomo yethu yemfihlo sifaka igama elithi 'Ubumfihlo' futhi sitholakala kalula ekhasini elishiwo ngenhla.
Uzokwaziswa nganoma yiziphi izinguquko zeNqubomgomo Yobumfihlo:
       Ku-Inqubomgomo Yobumfihlo yethu Page
Ungashintsha ulwazi lwakho lomuntu siqu:
       Ngokungena ngemvume ku-akhawunti yakho
Isitifiketi sethu sesayithi Ungahambisani namasignali?
Siyahlonipha Musa ukulandelela izimpawu futhi Ungalandeli, tshala amakhukhi, noma sebenzisa ukukhangisa uma inqubo yesiphequluli se-Do Not Track (DNT) isendaweni.
Ingabe isayithi lethu livumela ukulandelela kokuziphatha komuntu wesithathu?
Kubalulekile futhi ukuqaphela ukuthi sivumela ukulandela kokuziphatha kweqembu lesithathu
I-COPPA (Umthetho Wokuvikela Ubumfihlo ku-Intanethi)
Uma kukhulunywa ngokuqoqwa kwemininingwane yomuntu siqu evela ezinganeni ezingaphansi kweminyaka engu-13 ubudala, umthetho Wezingane Wokuvikela Ubumfihlo Kwe-Intanethi (COPPA) ubeka abazali ekuphathweni. I-Federal Trade Commission, i-ejensi yokuvikela abathengi e-United States, isebenzisa umthetho we-COPPA, ocacisa lokho okusetshenziswa ngabasebenza amawebhusayithi nezinsizakalo eziku-inthanethi ukuvikela ubumfihlo bezingane nokuphepha online.
Asikathengi ngqo kubantwana abangaphansi kweminyaka yobudala be-13.
Ingabe sivumela amaqembu wesithathu, kuhlanganise namanethiwekhi wesikhangiso noma ama-plug-ins aqoqa i-PII kubantwana abangaphansi kwe-13?
Izenzo Zolwazi Oluhle
I-Fair Information Practices Principles yakha umgogodla womthetho wobumfihlo e-United States futhi imibono abafaka ngayo iye yaba nendima ebalulekile ekuthuthukiseni imithetho yokuvikela idatha emhlabeni wonke. Ukuqonda Izimiso Zokuziphatha Zolwazi Oluhle nokuthi kufanele baqaliswe kanjani kubalulekile ukuhambisana nemithetho ehlukahlukene yobumfihlo evikela ulwazi lomuntu siqu.
Sivumelana neSimiso Sokulungiswa Kwamanye Abantu esidinga ukuthi abantu banelungelo lokuphishekela ngokomthetho amalungelo abambelelekile kubathelisi bezintambo nabacwaningi abahluleka ukunamathela emthethweni. Lesi simiso asidingi nje kuphela ukuthi abantu banamalungelo okuphoqelela abasebenzisi bezintatha, kodwa futhi ukuthi abantu basebenzisa izinkantolo noma izinhlangano zikahulumeni ukuphenya futhi / noma ukushushisa ukungahambisani nabacubungula idatha.